Popping was created in Fresno, CA by Sam “Boogaloo Sam” Soloman of the Electric Boogaloos. The fundamentals of popping revolve around a dancer quickly contracting and relaxing their muscles. These “hits” are performed to the beat of the music as the dancer moves their body to create angles, shapes and poses.
Locking was created in Los Angeles by Don Campbell of the Lockers. Often being confused with popping, locking involves the dancer freezing in the middle of a fast movement, holding it for a short period, then resuming at normal speed. This style is characterized by large, rhythmic hand and arm movements and physically demanding moves involving the lower body.